A new study shows direct correlation between healthy eating and a healthy cardiovascular future.
She stresses that the dietary patterns in question included the regular consumption of wholegrain products, fish and beans. Almost one third of the women in the study showed this healthier eating behavior, which in turn gave a 57 per cent lower risk of myocardial infarction than a diet low in these foodstuffs.
Using this dietary behavior as a basis, the researchers added other health factors, such as a healthy body weight, abstinence from smoking, and regular exercise (by which was meant a daily walk of at least 40 minutes or a cycle ride, and one hour’s more intense training a week). All these conditions were met by only one in twenty women, who, it transpired, had a full 92 per cent lower risk of suffering a heart attack than the women who smoked, were overweight, ate unhealthy food, and were physically inactive.
“If all women lived like the healthy group, 75 per cent of heart attacks would be prevented,” says Agneta Akesson. “It’s also important to produce data based on the situation in Sweden so that we can improve public health in our country.”
The newly published study was based on data from 25,000 women born in Uppsala and Vastmanland County between 1914 and 1948, who have been monitored since 1997 with regard to their chances of suffering a myocardial infarction. The material is part of the Swedish Mammography Cohort. Since the study is based on healthy women, the percentage eating a wholesome diet is higher than the 20 per cent or less that would be expected amongst women in Sweden over the age of 50.